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TMJ Treatment

TMJ Treatment in Chennai

Overview of TMJ Causes & Treatment

Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders, commonly called “TMJ,” are a group of conditions that cause pain and dysfunction in the jaw joint and the muscles that control jaw movement. The condition appears to be more common in women than men.

TMJ Treatment

For most people, pain in the area of the jaw joint or muscles does not signal a serious problem. Generally, discomfort from these conditions is occasional and temporary, often occurring in cycles. The pain eventually goes away with little or no treatment. Some people, however, develop significant, long-term symptoms.

Disorders of the jaw joint and chewing muscles and how people respond to them vary widely.

Researchers generally agree that the conditions fall into three main categories:
1 .Myofascial pain involves discomfort or pain in the muscles that control jaw function.
2 .Internal derangement of the joint involves a displaced disc, dislocated jaw, or injury to the condyle.
3 .Arthritis refers to a group of degenerative/inflammatory joint disorders that can affect the temporomandibular joint.

What are the Signs & Symptoms
A variety of symptoms may be linked to TMJ disorders. Pain, particularly in the chewing muscles and/or jaw joint, is the most common symptom. Other likely symptoms include:
1. Radiating pain in the face, jaw, or neck,
2. Jaw muscle stiffness,
3. Limited movement or locking of the jaw

How TMJ Disorders are Treated
Because more studies are needed on the safety and effectiveness of most treatments for jaw joint and muscle disorders, experts strongly recommend using the most conservative, reversible treatments possible. Conservative treatments do not invade the tissues of the face, jaw, or joint, or involve surgery. Reversible treatments do not cause permanent changes in the structure or position of the jaw or teeth. Even when TMJ disorders have become persistent, most patients still do not need aggressive types of treatment.

Conservative Treatments
Because the most common jaw joint and muscle problems are temporary and do not get worse, simple treatment may be all that is necessary to relieve discomfort.
There are steps you can take that may be helpful in easing symptoms, such as:
1. Eating soft foods,
2. Applying ice packs
3. Pain Medications
4. Stabilization Splints

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